How to Build Pergola Attached to House
If you’re looking to add some extra shade and style to your outdoor living space, a pergola is an excellent option. Not only does it provide a great hangout spot for family and friends, but it can also increase the value of your property. And if you’re thinking about attaching your pergola to your home, it can be a lot simpler than you might think. In this article, we’ll guide you through the steps of building a pergola attached to your house from start to finish – so get ready to turn your outdoor living dreams into reality!
1. Prep the space to build the pergola
First things first, to build a pergola attached to your house, you need to decide on the anchoring system. You could dig holes in the ground and install wooden posts or use joist hangers attached to the building. If you opt to use joist hangers, screw them onto the house and then attach the 2x6s to the hangers, ensuring that they’re level.
Next, you’ll need to dig holes for the posts or install tubes, which will serve as the anchors for the pergola. Make sure the holes are at least 15 inches in diameter and dug to a depth of 3 feet. Once you’ve dug the holes, pour a 4-inch layer of gravel mixed with sand into them. This will help with drainage and prevent any water from pooling around the posts.
After the gravel layer, you can install the tubes or wooden posts. Make sure they’re securely anchored in the ground and level. With the anchoring in place, you can now install the main top beam that will connect the two freestanding posts and serve as support for the pergola.
With the main beam in place, you can start attaching the rafters. Make sure they’re spaced evenly and securely attached to the main beam and the posts. You can then attach any additional features, like a shade cloth or plants, to the rafters, adding some style and functionality to the pergola.
Finally, give the pergola a coat of stain or paint to protect it from the elements and give it a finished look that complements your home’s exterior. With your new pergola attached to your house, you’ll have a great space to entertain or relax outside, extending your living space to the yard.
2. Start Installing the Structure
2. Once you have determined the anchoring system for the wooden posts, it’s time to start installing the structure. Begin by screwing joist hangers to the building where you want the pergola to be attached. The 2x6s will fit into the joist hangers and then connect across to form the top of the pergola. To ensure stability, use a level to make sure your pergola is straight as you attach it to the building. Once the structure is in place, it’s time to decorate and make it your own. Consider hanging lights or climbing vines to give your pergola a cozy and inviting feel. With a little creativity and ingenuity, you’ll have a beautiful outdoor space that adds value to your home and creates the perfect place to gather with friends and family.
3. Time to Install the Tubes
Now that you have dug the holes and poured in the gravel and sand mixture, it’s time to install the tubes. Make sure that the tubes are level and in the correct position before pouring in the concrete. Once the concrete is poured, wait at least a day for it to dry.
Next, attach the joist hangers to the building where the pergola will be attached. Make sure they are securely fastened to the structure. Then, slide the 2x6s into the joist hangers and attach them to the wooden posts using screws.
It’s important to choose a complementary style and color scheme for your attached pergola. This will ensure that it blends seamlessly with your existing home. Stately columns with clean lines and a neutral color scheme are always a great option.
An attached pergola not only adds value and functionality to your home but also allows for optimal indoor-outdoor flow. Plus, with these clear and easy-to-follow instructions, you can DIY this project and save money in the process. Get started today!
4. Drill the Patio for Post Brackets
Now that you have screwed the joist hangers to the building and connected the 2x6s across, it’s time to drill the patio for post brackets and attach them with expansion anchors. First, use a hammer to mark the centers of the post brackets on your concrete patio. Next, drill holes into the concrete and insert expansion anchors. Then firmly attach the post brackets to the expansion anchors. But before you do any of that, make sure you have followed the previous steps and dug 3′ deep holes at least 15″ in diameter and poured a 4″ layer of gravel mixed with sand. Installing the tubes is also crucial for the stability of the attached pergola. Remember that affixing a pergola to the house not only provides support but also enhances the architectural style of your home. With your DIY pergola plan from The Handmade Home, creating an outdoor space for entertaining and gathering has never been easier.
5. Add the Rafters to Your Attached Pergola
Now that you have your support beams in place, it’s time to add the rafters to your attached pergola. Start by cutting six two-by-six boards to the proper length to fit between the support beams. Using a jigsaw or circular saw, cut notches into each end of the boards to sit snugly on top of the beams. Attach each rafter to the support beams using metal brackets or screws. Be sure to check that the rafters are level before securing them in place. Once all the rafters are in place, you can add the roofing material of your choice. Consider using clear polycarbonate roofing material to let in natural light while keeping the rain out. Your attached pergola is now complete and ready to enjoy!
6. Building the Main Structure
Now that you have set out the perimeter and attached the joist hangers to the building, it’s time to start building the main structure of the pergola. The two support beams on each end of the pergola will carry the load of the entire structure, so make sure they are securely attached to the posts. After that, fit in the 2x6s across the support beams and screw them into the joist hangers. You can notch the 2×8 beams to support the second layer if you want to add extra shade to your patio area. Finally, install the main beam onto the anchored posts and attach it to the house with lag bolts. Remember to use 6×6 support posts to ensure the pergola is sturdy enough to hold up to the elements. Once the main structure is complete, you can start adding decorative touches like hanging lights or growing vines to create a cozy atmosphere. With a little bit of effort and some basic carpentry skills, you can enjoy your patio area all year round.
7. Install the Rafters
Now that you have your support beams and joist hangers in place, it’s time to attach the rafters. Place them on top of the support beams, spacing them two feet apart. Use hurricane ties to secure each rafter to the beam. With the rafters in place, it’s time to add the stringers, which are the horizontal pieces that will run perpendicular to the rafters. Cut them to size and attach them to the top of each rafter, spacing them 16 inches apart. Finally, it’s time to add your roofing material. Whether you choose shingles or a polycarbonate panel, make sure it’s securely fastened to the rafters and stringers. With the roof in place, step back and admire your gorgeous new pergola, perfectly attached to your house.
8. Stabilitizing the Rafters
Now that you have your main top beam in place, it’s time to start connecting the rafters. For added stability, we recommend using hurricane clips to secure these joints. Cut your rafters to length, then attach them to the main beam with screws or nails. You can space them out however you like — just make sure they’re all evenly placed. Once all the rafters are in place, you can add additional support beams if desired. Finally, it’s time to add the roof! You can use any material you like, whether that’s traditional shingles, metal panels, or even a fabric canopy. Just make sure it’s securely attached to withstand any wind or weather. With these final steps complete, your attached pergola is now complete and ready to enjoy for years to come!
9. Connect the Pergola to Your House
Now that your pergola is pretty much complete, it’s time to attach it to your house. This can be done using joist hangers screwed onto your building. Your 2×6 boards will then fit into these hangers and connect across to the 4×4 or 6×6 wooden posts. Make sure to use pressure-treated lumber for added durability.
If you’re unsure how to properly attach your pergola to your home, it’s best to consult a professional. They can give you advice when it comes to weight capacity and how to properly install the pergola for maximum safety.
Once your pergola is securely attached to your house, you can start enjoying your new outdoor living space! Perfect for entertaining guests or just relaxing with a good book, your attached pergola adds style and functionality to your home. Congratulations on a job well done!
10. Attaching Pergola to your House
Begin by locating the studs in your home’s exterior wall where you want to attach the pergola. Use a stud finder or tap the wall until you locate the solid framing behind the drywall or siding. Once you’ve identified the studs, position your joist hangers and mark where you will screw them into the studs.
Attach the joist hangers to the studs using galvanized lag screws or bolts long enough to penetrate the stud at least 1.5 inches. Be sure to use a level to ensure your hangers are straight and level. Once your joist hangers are securely attached, slide your 2x6s into them and connect them across to create the frame for your pergola.
Once the frame is assembled, you can add rafters and cross beams. Use lag screws to attach these pieces securely to the frame. Finally, install your roof slats or lattice and enjoy the shade and beauty of your new attached pergola. By following these steps, you’ll be able to create a functional and attractive outdoor living space that enhances your home’s value and appeal.